Sunday, July 23, 2017

Breaking Down St. Thomas' Summa Article on Obedience - 1b - Obedience as per St. Thomas Aquinas


Obedience as per St. Thomas
St. Thomas' description of obedience in the Summa is broken down into six articles examining whether:
  1. One man is bound to obey another? Yes, inferiors a bound to obey their superiors.
  2. Obedience is a special virtue? Yes, it is a special virtue.
  3. Obedience is the greatest of all virtues? No, Charity is the greatest virtue.
  4. God ought to be obeyed in all things? Yes, all are bound to obey the Divine Command.
  5. Subjects are bound to obey their superiors in all things? No, if the Superior commands something against God or outside of their sphere of authority obedience is not required in the latter and sinful in the former.
    1. Against God: We are bound to obey the divine command as known through the Divine, Written and Natural Law. To disobey the these is to commit sin.
    2. Sphere of Authority: This defines the limits of authority. St. Thomas speaks of the limits of authority for rulers, parents, as well as religious leaders. In each case there is typically a form of Law that defines the limits of authority. In the case of religious, St. Thomas refers to the 'regular mode of life' which is set out in the Rule of the institute two which a person binds themselves.
  6. Christians are bound to obey the secular powers? Yes, following the conditions defined above.
I have reproduced the Summa articles on obedience below, with the change that  I have reordered the content of the articles to place the objections and their replies together.


Saturday, July 22, 2017

Breaking Down St. Thomas' Summa Article on Obedience - 1a - Introduction

Obedience – The Sequel


In St. Thomas' concept, obedience is a double edged sword that one way cuts the vice of pride via submission to another, and in another way cuts the virtue of virtues of Charity and Justice via submission to a superior rather than to God.

Why is this important?

Because many within the Catholic Church tout that the SSPX is disobedient and that this disobedience is 'schismatic' etc.

Why argue about this topic?

Because in arguing we have an opportunity to discover new perspectives on the topic that, becuase of our natural biases and insights, we would never has considered.

Friday, July 21, 2017

State of Necessity - - Part 2



I sometimes wonder how a person can look at the state of the Church and question the position of the SSPX.


Courtesy of

Joseph Shaw's Reply to Cardinal Sarah


Liturgy affects culture and vice-versa hence the saying: lex orandi lex credendi. The New Mass reflects a new theology, the Tridentine Mass reflects the pre-conciliar Theology.

As the pre and post theology are antithetical, so are the liturgies.

There are three options for cultural change: Fight, flight, acquiesce. What is being suggested by those who want to merge the 'banal on the spot liturgy' with a liturgy that organically developed over 1000+ years is to acquiesce and attempt to merge the cultures.

Aside from the inclusion of new saints in the calendar, this simply won't work and it is a really bad idea.

The thought that the New Mass needs to be turfed seems to have theological basis (more later).

I think that the only reasonable way to mitigate the change is to have the Tridentine Mass said in the venacular. Even that approach has serious issues in that it could just prolong the problem.

Sometimes it is just necessary to jump into the water when the ship is on fire.

Quite and apt analogy.


Courtesy of Joseph Shaw

State of Necessity - - Part 1


One of the key issues is whether or not a state of necessity exists within the Catholic Church.

I think it is safe to say that, with Pope Francis, the state of necessity is even more intense.


Thursday, July 20, 2017

Tradition: From Return to Recourse - FSSPX.News


Facing the reality of the situation is important. We need to see things (events in the Church, Church Teaching) as they are, not as we would imagine them to be!

Sede vacantists, ignoring the dogmatic fact doctrine, see the actions of the Pope / Council / etc and state: This can't possibly be the Pope etc.

"Conservatives" likewise state the same thing, but arrive at a different conclusion - all must be ok.

Aligning our understanding with reality (ie Truth) is key to understanding all the ins / outs of the crisis of the Church.

The SSPX is merely a symptom.

In the 70's the mantra was established and while the problems started earlier, it is easy to date the malaise of the Church to this event.

It is the first bookend, it will be interesting to see what becomes the other bookend to this crisis.


Courtesy of /

Wednesday, July 19, 2017



A good thing about Pope Francis' antics is that it is hard to be complacent about the crisis of the Church and where it all fell apart: The Council.

I've attached below the two paragraphs that jumped out at me.

Source: Rorate-Caeli